Conflict and competition within groups

Is Beowulf an epic? What values does the poem promote, and how does it promote them? What sorts of conflicts with or resistances to the ideology of epic can be expressed?

What sorts are found within the poem itself? Give at least two example of each synecdoche, metonymy, and litotes from the text of the poem. Point out at least three kennings in the text. Literature of the Renaissance Age. Read the book you are going to present in the project.

Be as creative as possible! Beowulf Characters and plot Describe how you see the relationships between the warriors and their lord in Beowulf.

Even the worst enemies seems a little more sympathetic in this epic when he or she can demonstrate immense physical strength, and even the best of kings or counselors seems a little more pathetic if he can't defeat his foes himself. It's worth pointing out that conflict beowulf is more important than skill here; skill smacks of deviousness, while strength is simple, straightforward, and pure. Beowulf's strength is impressive, but it's not his most important characteristic; many of the warriors around him are strong, but, without faith and courage, their strength is useless.

Beowulf's wrestling contest with Grendel is a chance for Beowulf to prove his jews arab israeli conflict strength; saving the Danes from a marauding demon is just a bonus. Beowulf depicts the warrior culture of medieval Scandinavia and England, which relied heavily on the giving and receiving of gold, armor, weapons, coins, jewels, jewelry, and other treasures.

Every tribe is centered around a king, who is also called a "ring-giver. Battles and family feuds are also resolved by the exchange of wealth. If someone is killed, his family must be paid a " death-price " to prevent revenge killing. If a treaty needs to be enacted, some jewels better change hands, too. These people take the "gold standard" to a whole new level. In Beowulfwealth and treasure are physical reminders of relationships and allegiances.

One of the most important characteristics of a king, in medieval Scandinavian warrior culture, is his generosity toward his followers. Religion is a touchy issue in Beowulfbecause the story how to start an ethnography told in late medieval Anglo-Saxon Britain, which has been Christianized, but it's about early medieval Scandinavia, which is pagan. The narrator of the poem compromises by making constant references to God's decrees in general terms, but never discussing Jesus or the specific tenets of Christianity.

Although the poet can't get away from conflict good vs evil fact that his hero, Beowulf, would have been a pagan, he can suggest that Beowulf's trust in God translates easily into a Christian context. The only specific references to Christian stories are some shout-outs to the Old Testament story of Cain and Abel.

What is an example of internal conflict in Beowulf? - Yahoo Answers

The brutal life of a medieval warrior and the blood-feuds between tribes and families that he experiences are symbolized in Beowulf by conflict and competition within groups fratricidal story of Cain and Abel. The conflict between the Christian perspective of the narrator and the pagan activities of the characters in Beowulf results in an uncomfortable tension between theologies. Violence is a way of life in the Scandinavian warrior culture of Beowulf.

When your hero's goal is to kill a local demon who's been attacking people and carrying off corpses by the dozen, you're going to get a certain amount of circumstantial violence. In Beowulfbattle is not only bloody, it's gory and grimy and sweaty and sinews are tearing apart. Corpses don't just burn on funeral pyres; the fluids and gases ooze and bubble out of the bodies as they're burning. People don't just wrestle, they tear each other's arms out of their sockets.

You get the idea. The numerous conflicts within Beowulf are both external …show more content…. The treatment in the three great fights of the motives of weapons, treasure and society implies a moral idea in which the poet believed: that a man should not trust in the things of this world, for they will fail him.

Another aspect of this idea comes out clearly in the account of the first fight: that a man should trust rather in God and in the natural powers God gives him, for these will not fail him Grendel this monster grim was called, march-riever mighty, in moorland living, in fen and fastness; fief of the giants the hapless wight a while had kept since the Creator his exile doomed.

Consequently he attacked Heorot and killed 30 warriors the first night. Thus the reader sees a very serious external conflict between this monster and the Danish people.

This situation brought about a serious internal conflict within their king, Hrothgar, who was totally frustrated by his inability to get rid of Grendel: THUS seethed unceasing the son of Healfdene with the woe of these days; not wisest men. Show More. He predicts correctly, as we know from other sources that the truce between the Danes and Heathobards will not hold, in spite of Hrothgar giving his daughter away in marriage. This shows he has a good understanding apply job email sample political relations and the reasons behind wars and raids.

This must have served him well when he acted as an advisor to the younger Heardred, and it certainly served him when he ruled as a king. His wisdom and restraint helped him prevent wars.

In wisdom, Beowulf is not inferior to Hrothgar. Beowulf is also generous, and this is a most important quality for a king. Again, the example is set in the first few lines. So should a young man by good deeds, by splendid gifts while still in his father's house, make sure that in old age his dear companions will remain with him, that when war comes, the people will support him ll.

A king, or a person aspiring to be a king, will bestow gifts on his followers, in return for which they will show him loyalty in battle. That does not mean these gifts should be seen as mercenaries' wages. Conflict and competition within groups contract between a mercenary and his lord can be terminated by either party, but the gifts as described in Beowulf forge a lasting bond. The contract can be violated in two ways, by the warrior if he fails to serve his lord which will brand him as a coward or even a traitor - or by the lord, if he fails to reward the service of his men.

This is why avarice, keeping valuables to oneself instead of distributing them, is to be taken very seriously. It is not mere greed, it is the violation of the moral jews arab israeli conflict of society: the generous lord and the loyal retainer together form the central structure the rest of society is built around.

If their relationship falls apart, so does social stability. The importance of generosity is stressed by the speech Hrothgar gives before Beowulf leaves for Geatland. Hrothgar recognises that Beowulf will probably be king one day, and warns him against the vices shown by King Heremod. Heremod, like Beowulf, was blessed with strength ll. The reason was that he killed his companions l. That Beowulf cannot be charged with the first is a relief to him when he dies:.

In all this, with my mortal wound, I still have joy because the ruler of men cannot charge me with the murder of my kinsmen ll. That he was not guilty of stinginess is evident from his final act: the gift of a hoard of treasure to his people.

It also shows from Wiglaf's speeches to the cowardly retainers. First, when they run away, he reminds them how they swore to return their lord's gifts in battle ll.

Heremod's stinginess has been compared to the un-Christian interest Beowulf shows in the treasure. Wanting to gain treasure, to deal out in characteristic generosity to one's people, is not the same as wanting to keep treasure to oneself. As far as his people are concerned, Beowulf was a generous lord.

The qualities for which other kings in the poem are praised generally follow the pattern established. Offa, for instance, was a good king too:. So it was that Offa, brave with the spear, was spoken of abroad for his wars and his gifts; he governed with wisdom the land of his birth ll. Courage, wars, gifts and wisdom - these are the qualities that make a king worth remembering. Compared to other kings in the poem, Beowulf does not do badly.

He was generous, has kept the enemies from attacking, has refrained from blood-lusty slaughter but was ready to defend his people against a supernatural monster when that was necessary. That he was well loved by his conflict beowulf may well be considered the point of everything that transpires once he has died. Wiglaf's mourning, the messenger's anxiety about coming wars and the burning and burying of treasure are all ways in which the poet shows how much the Geats loved their lord, and how sorely he will be missed.

They are all signs that Beowulf was in fact an excellent king, as good a king as he was a hero. Treasure plays an important part in the poem. Many lines are spent on the description of treasure, the appearance and history of swords, armour and neck-rings. Beowulf in his dying moments wishes to see the hoard he has won for his people. The prominent role of treasure has irked especially Christian-minded critics, who have accused Beowulf of avarice.

One's dying thoughts ought to be concerned with the afterlife, not worldly treasure, and Christian Anglo-Saxons would easily recognise Beowulf's shortcomings in this scene.

Gold is the object of avarice, and becomes a symbol for avarice in Bolton's interpretation. In the resulting reading, the gold hoard deceives Beowulf, who is unaware of the danger represented by earthly riches. The gold draws Beowulf to his death Bolton, p. The problem with Bolton's approach is that Alcuin was a very unhappy choice for a reader.

From his famous jews arab israeli conflict, containing the line: "what has Ingeld to do with Christ," it is clear that Alcuin was not very likely to read Beowulf, nor was he likely to appreciate the poem if he did. From his writings, Alcuin emerges as a rather humourless man, who might indeed have concluded that Beowulf was an avaricious and vainglorious pagan who deserved to die and burn in hell.

However, I am not conflict and competition within groups the poet held the same opinion. Our view of the mind of the Anglo-Saxon is likely to be tainted by church doctrine; the body of writing we have available has been produced and preserved in monasteries and churches. In all probability, much more was written than has been preserved, and much more was thought than was written. Although it is not very useful to speculate on the contents of what was lost, there is no reason to assume that the writings we have are a representative sample.

The average Christian Anglo-Saxon may have had ideas quite different from the ideas arising from the writing that has been preserved from Anglo-Saxon times.

Jews arab israeli conflict

To one steeped in the writings of Alcuin, it may seem a natural conclusion that a hoard of gold indicates the danger of avarice, but the poet does not describe it as such.

The problem with these kinds of allegorisations is that there is very little in the text to support the idea that the poet meant the poem as an allegory. As Sisam pointed out, allegories written in this era were normally explained in the text.

If the poet intended his work to be read as an allegory, he failed to leave us the key, which is very unusual. The standard hung above the dragon's hoard shines with light, enabling Wiglaf to see in the write my thesis of the barrow ll. Furthermore, the gold of the dragon's hoard is not the same kind of gold as that conflict and competition within groups the typical miser: these are not stacks of coins, but of helmets, swords and armour: objects of practical value.

In the heroic world of the poem, treasure and gold did not have the same meaning conflict beowulf in the world of patristic writers. Treasure and status are closely related in heroic society; the value of a man's arms and armour is an indication of his value as a warrior. His honour is not derived from anything he has achieved, but from the fine sword he has been offered, a sign of his value as a man. Michael Cherniss provides a lucid explanation of the way treasure, and thereby status, is distributed in society and changes hands.

By his defeat, a man loses his esteem, which passes over to the victor. This loss and gain of honour is symbolised by the treasure, which also changes hands. Jos Bazelmans, writing from an anthropological point of view, links men and their possessions even more closely together. In his conflict beowulf, weapons and armour do not only represent a man's honour; they - i.

More important than the object's monetary value is its genealogy; the men who possessed it in the past lend value to the object, and to the man who possesses it now, who is expected to use it for heroic acts, which will in turn increase the value of the object.

Conflict good vs evil have a living quality; they bestow courage and strength on the receiver, which they derive from previous owners. The interest shown in treasure by the poet does not stem from materialism but from admiration for the men he celebrates; the value of the treasures they share reflects onto them. Likewise, the interest shown in the dragon's hoard by Beowulf has nothing to jews arab israeli conflict with greed: the treasure represents the increase in honour and fame he would gain if he defeated the dragon.

According to Cherniss, the honour the treasure represents is the dragon's. It is a dragon's duty to guard the treasure, and by performing that duty, he has gained the rights to the honour represented by the treasure.

The theft of the cup was an insult against the dragon, who has a right to take vengeance, although his vengeance is out of proportion to the crime Cherniss, p. The problem with this view is that the dragon in Beowulf seems more like an animal than like an intelligent creature. His thoughts and emotions are limited to a strong destructive urge and it is unclear if animals or dragons can have any kind of honour.

A second problem is that the dragon did not come by his treasure legitimately. He may be performing his duty by defending it so that no one can gain the treasure by simply stumbling across it, but the dragon himself did precisely that in the first place. It seems to me more likely that the honour represented by the treasure is that of the people who put it in the ground. The last survivor realised he was going to die when he was still in possession of the treasure, and, having no one to pass it on to, he buried it.

His people's honour their treasure lies unclaimed. Now that the men it belonged to are dead, it cannot be won legitimately. For a man to find it and take it outside would be conflict and competition within groups honour taken but not deserved. For the hoard to be legitimately claimed, someone has to defend it, and this is where the dragon comes in. It is in the nature of dragons to guard treasure, as the Old English maxim tells us: "a dragon lives in a mound, old and proud of his treasure. It does profit the men who owned the treasure originally, by guarding their treasure against robbers and keeping their honour intact, though buried.

Cherniss makes mention of an early pagan belief that dragons are the reincarnations of the warriors whose burial conflict and competition within groups they inhabit and are, therefore, protecting their own treasures Cherniss, p. The poet makes no mention of this belief and may not have been aware of it.

To him, dragons and hoards probably made a natural couple, they occur together in many stories. If he wondered why they occurred together, he provided a neat solution: the treasure was buried by a dying race, and a dragon later claimed it ll.

The combination of an ancient race, a treasure and a dragon is fortuitous from a storyteller's point of view: they lock together perfectly. The lay of the last survivor explains how the dragon came by his treasure, and the fight with Beowulf explains why the treasure has a dragon guarding it.

If there were no dragon, there would be no opportunity for heroic behaviour, and Beowulf would not be able to win the glory that is represented by the hoard. Another traditional element that goes with treasure-hoards is a curse on whoever steals it. There is one of these jews arab israeli conflict in Beowulfalthough its workings and who, if anyone, it affects, remains unclear.

The curse comes with a condition: no one may touch the hoard unless God would grant him permission, whoever He would think worthy ll. Presumably, these lines mean that one man, the one God considered worthy, would be allowed to posses the hoard, even though the poet never makes it explicit who this is. If the function of the dragon was to replace the dead warriors in the protection of their possessions, this could be taken to mean that whoever killed the dragon was the worthy man.

In a sense, the dragon is the curse, and by defeating the dragon, Beowulf also overcomes the curse. The problem with this interpretation is the fact that Beowulf does not live to hold the treasure in his possession, and that Wiglaf conflict beowulf the first one to touch it. Still, the poet does not state explicitly that anyone was affected by the curse, and this may be because Beowulf broke it when he defeated the dragon. Alternatively, the curse might be taken as the reason that the treasure was later buried with Beowulf.

I shall discuss this possibility in section 2. Gaining the treasure is the same thing as defeating the dragon. If treasure is simply a way to represent glory gained, Beowulf's interest in the treasure is perfectly explicable.

To face the dragon is an act of great courage that would gain a man honour, which is represented in tangible form by the treasure. In boasting that he will do battle for the treasure, Beowulf is merely saying he will fight the dragon in different words. He is a member of the Geat tribe, a follower of Higylac, and the son of Edgtheo. In the poem, the author attempts to reconcile the human and the heroic sides of his personality. This comes out even more starkly when he begins to hallucinate and talk to himself.

As is foreshadowed in the title, Willy cannot overcome his conflict with himself and commits suicide, believing that this is the only way he can lessen the burden on his family. This society, which is set in the former United States of America, is a theocratic dictatorship in which women are subjugated.

Offred finds out about a resistance network and does what she can to overthrow the ruling class. Choose the correct conflict definition from the following statements: A.

Two people who are angry at each other. One character who is in the right and the other character who is in the wrong.The conflict between these two was so great there has been numerous renditions of the original story, such as The Wiz, Wicked The Musical, and Oz The Great and Powerful! With jaw dropping performances from the great Judy Garland and the original Wicked Witch Margaret Hamilton, it is undeniable that this is one of the greatest rivalries in the history film.

The battle between these two has raged on for decades and has had everything you want in a good and evil conflict from intergalactic spaceship battles to explosive fights in the city. Not to mention the always exciting heavyweight conflict and competition within groups between Optimus Prime and Megatron which have kept us on edge for years. Megadonor urges top Dems to pick Sanders' foe. This opening …show more content….

They would assume that diversity essay medical school was good, gracious and holy, all traits that would definitely not apply to the witches.

The mysterious Macbeth is also mentioned in this scene. However, we hear a different view of Macbeth. McDonald was fighting for the Scottish but changed sides to fight for the enemy, the Norwegian king Sweno.

We have heard of Macbeth twice now, but both views contradict each other. The mystery surrounding Macbeth intensifies and we are curious to find out more about his character. If there is evil, there must be good a problem the atheist has to explain. If there is good and evil, there must be a moral law on which to judge between good and evil. If there is a moral law, there must be a moral law giver.

For the theist, this points to God. An atheist might respond 60 that proposition number three lacks merit since the only requirement is a moral system, not necessarily a moral law. A moral system may just as easily arise via memetic 61 evolutionary mechanisms as by an omniscient lawgiver. While the existence of memes remains highly speculative, I would grant such a possibility exists.

However, this fails to account for the sort of evil that defies cultural explanation. It's kind of hard to Take Over the World when another Evil Overlord is already ruling it; or wants to destroy it.

It also wouldn't do to allow some other villain to kill your heroic archenemy before you can score that triumph for yourself.

For a Gentleman Thief who wants the best loot, what better target than other thieves? The Starscream has to have someone to overthrow, right? And even the most vicious Knight Templar is right once in a while, or at least goes up against the Card-Carrying Villain. And if both bad guys are bad enough, having them killing each other is a victory for everyone!

This may be averted by making one of the sides more sympathetic, a villain with standardsor at least some likable trait to endear them to the audience. Of course, if they gain too many good traits, then the trope shifts into Black and Gray Morality which is a different trope.

Contrast Good vs. This trope is the opposite of a Villain Team-Up. Sadako and Kayako fight each other for the right to kill their charge. Community Showcase More. Follow TV Tropes. You need to login to do this. Get Known if you don't jews arab israeli conflict an account. You must confront it with another kind of Evil.

Comedian Juston McKinney mused about a hypothetical ride between a Serial Killer picking up a rapist. Both keep trying to psych each other out over who should be the victim then Gilligan Cut to a police station where one of them files a report. Serial Killer: Yeah, I'd like to report a rape. Police Officer: Do you know who did it? Serial Killer: Yeah, he's right here. Comic Strips. MAD 's Spy vs.

Spyin all its various incarnations. Except for their arbitrarily assigned color scheme, the two sides are identical, committing the same horrible if hilarious atrocities on each other. Which was creator Antonio Prohias's whole point. In DilbertMordac the Preventer vs. Zan-Shocker vs.

Ebony Dark'ness Dementia Raven Way. The former wins, simply by being more evil than the conflict and competition within groups. Makes Just as Much Sense in Context. In Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality Draco believes along most Slytherins, apparently that Dumbledore was the Greater Evil and that Voldemort and his Death Eaters, though bad, were the only people with a chance to stand up to him.

By extension, so many Dark Eldar souls going to Slaanesh, a villain himself, causes jews arab israeli conflict to attack another villain, Khorne, effectively taking them out of the picture for centuries. During the last third of the Digimon story Zero 2: A RevisionUmbraDevimon and Demon both invade the Real World at the same time; apparently deciding that it's not big enough for both of conflict beowulf, they start throwing their armies at each other in order to wipe each other out.

And thenthe Gravemon invade as well, and they suddenly find something more dangerous to worry about. This has popped up a couple of times so far in Queen of All Oni : First, Valmont used the first Oni mask to steal control of the Ninja Shadowkhan away from Jade and turned on her, forcing her into a brief Enemy Mine with Jackie. Then Ikazuki showed up and, after a brief fight, forced Jade to serve him, at least until the J-Team defeated him.

Christian Elements in Beowulf

And seeing as Jade's ultimate plan is to overthrow Tarakudo as ruler of the Oni, this will probably show up some more. In a situation not involving the Oni, Jade gets captures by the Evil Sorcerer Lung, who wishes to break her to his will, thus granting him control over her and her tribe.

The SoulCalibur series. With the exception of three or four characters, they're mostly heroes who will battle whomever it takes to obtain Soul Edge. It's more complicated that than that. There are straight examples, such as in III Ivy fighting Sigfried with a unique pre-battle storyas both characters only seek the destruction of the sword but for different reasons and in different ways.

Ivy believed the destruction of both swords would be the end of the conflict, but Sigfried wanted to use Calibur conflict beowulf destroy Edge. Depending on the fight it, can be any shade of conflict there, from Tali's white to Maxi's grey to Nightmare's black. The Super Smash Bros. Not a single evil character. Jews arab israeli conflict it's Black and White Moralitythe "white" side is sometimes the Alliance and sometimes the Horde. Very common in the Tales Seriesalthough the good side not controlled by the player is generally more " ends justify the means ," and willing to employ genuinely evil in their pursuit of noble goals.

Usually if both sides are completely good, the Lawful Good faction is, uniquely for an RPG series, the one in the right, though most times both factions already are Lawful Good at their core. Tales of the Abyss features two unambiguously good kingdoms with Kimlasca and Malkuth. Both kingdoms are full of genuinely good people, each one has a kind-hearted, well-meaning ruler whom the citizens respectand they do go to war, but only because they're being manipulated by someone else, and believe that You Can't Fight Fate.

Once they're proven wrong about that, the war immediately stops. Thorndyke wants Feinne undisturbed to prevent the situation from potentially getting much worse. The Nereids want to kill Feinne to solve the crisis of the World Eaters. Ar tonelico II: Melody of Metafalica. While people do truly horrifying things to each other, not a single faction is doing it out of selfish interest.

Each one believes that they are doing the right thing for the world and the people who live in it, and each of them have their points. Even the Mad Scientist Big Bad Infel only wish to stop the suffering of the people by Brain Uploading every single soul into Instrumentalityand she does this out of a sense of responsibility for failing to provide a paradise on earth long, long time ago.

One can say that the point of Metafalica is that people are good, and they need to work together. Metafalica is created when two maidens join their hearts. Related to Color-Coded Multiplayer many games with multiplayer options only let you play as the good guys or Palette swaps of the main protagonist.

Halo : The multiplayer primarily consists of Spartans who are all on the same side in the lore. Touhou games have never had any true villains. The only real life-threatening situation in a long time has been the last stage of Subterranean Animism where defeat would have cause the protagonist to fall into the Hell of Blazing Fires, only because the final boss Utsuho Reiuji went temporarily crazy.

The only character stated to be evil Seiga wasn't actually up to anything when she was fought. Touhou 7 does have a tree Eldritch Abominationthe Saigyou Ayakashi, which kills people by forcing them to sleep until they die. It would have been released from the seal keeping it in check if the " Big Bad ", Yuyuko, had succeeded with her plan to lift said seal.

However, Yuyuko herself avoids being evil despite her goal: she didn't know the tree to be evil she just wanted to see its legendary beautyand lifting the seal would essay about abraham lincoln killed her permanently she's a Cute Ghost Girl since she happens to be the key.

When she realizes exactly what the Saigyou Ayakashi is as well as why and how it was sealed, she immediately calls the plan off. Played fairly straight in the first Advance Wars game. The vast majority of conflict beowulf Commanding Officers are all morally upright people who are convinced that they're fighting for justice.

This does not stop them from getting in drawn out territorial conflicts throughout most of the campaign. The battle on the Fugue Plane in Neverwinter Nights 2 features celestials versus paladins, and potentially paladin versus paladin.

Metaphysically, the introduction to Ultima IV has you doing this, having to pick between eight perfectly moral and virtuous options in a series of hypothetical moral dilemmas in order to choose a starting class assuming you answer truthfully instead of just picking the virtue that corresponds to the class you want to play. In summary, a human colony on the border of Protoss space has several individuals infected by the Zerg virus, which turns them into Brainwashed and Crazy monsters.

The Protoss want to deal with the threat to their space by purifying the colony, i. Now the protoss make it clear they honestly hate doing this but they don't take chances where the Zerg are concerned, and once defeated they jews arab israeli conflict gracefully, conflict good vs evil no trouble; it's their decision to attack everyone, rather than just the infected, that puts them at odds with the player.

Even though Raiders leader Jim Raynor is considered a friend and ally of the protoss, as engineer Rory Swann puts it, "Friends don't let friends massacre civilians.

Conflict beowulf

Depending on how much of a completionist you are, everyone will fight everyone. In Dragon Age: Originsthe Warden can end up fighting Ser Cauthrien twice, though on both occasions it can be avoided with the right dialogue choices and high persuasion. The Warden is the commander of the forces battling the Darkspawnand Cauthrien is an unambiguously heroic and honorable knight who just happens to be in the service of the main human antagonist, the usurper Teyrn Loghain.

Ace Attorney : The first two games did this with Phoenix versus Edgeworth. Of course, at the beginning, Edgeworth was fairly unscrupulous as a prosecutor, willing to do anything to win a case. Joseph Conrad 's version of the inner evil conflict, known as the Heart of Darknessis a human 's struggle with their own moralsand their own battle with their hidden evil.

Although first chiefly used in the novel, this improved jews arab israeli conflict was commonly used, as opposed to the old devices used in literature before the turn of the century. It is a conflict that exists outside of literature as well, making it a universal truth of the human condition.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Theme in lterature, religion and philosophy. This article needs additional citations for verification. Her areas of interests include language, literature, linguistics and culture. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Good vs Evil. Good can be defined as correct, moral or pleasing.

Evil can be defined as harmful, wicked or immoral. In Religion.

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